Rush hour drivers in the UK spend an average of 31 hours a year stuck in traffic.

Researchers from analytics firm INRIX, compiling its 2017 Global Traffic Scorecard, found that the UK was the third most congested country in Europe behind Russia and Turkey.

The research, which looked at 111 cities and towns across the UK, found that the direct and indirect costs of congestion for all drivers added up to more than £37.7 billion during the year, an average of £1,168 each.

For the tenth year running, London was the UK’s most congested city, with motorists spending approximately 74 hours a year in congestion during peak times. London also had the country’s most congested road, the A406 Northbound from Chiswick roundabout to Hangar Lane, where drivers spent an average of 56 hours in congestion during 2017.

Manchester saw the second-highest congestion levels, with an average of 39 hours of delays, followed by Birmingham (36 hours), Luton (29 hours) and Edinburgh (28 hours).

Bournemouth and Birmingham were tied for sixth, with rush hour drivers spending an average of 27 hours in congestion, and the top ten was rounded out by Newcastle (24 hours), Coventry (23 hours), and Liverpool (20 hours).

Dr Graham Cookson, chief economist at INRIX, said: “Combined with the rising price of motoring, the cost of congestion is astonishing – it takes billions out of the economy, and impacts businesses and individuals alike.

“With the Office of National Statistics showing more cars on the road than ever before, we need to consider innovative new approaches to solving the issue.

“Increased flexible working or road charges have potential; however, transport authorities should be looking to exciting developments in data analytics and AI, which promise to reinvent our approach to traffic management.”